icicles on a wooden beam

“O God, Where Art Thou?”: The Trials of Liberty Jail

When everything seems to go wrong, has God left us to face our trials alone?

On December 1, 1838, six men, including the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum, were wrongfully imprisoned in the dungeon of Liberty Jail in Clay County, Missouri. One of the other innocent captives charged with “high treason” was 47-year-old Caleb Baldwin. While Baldwin is not well known, his testimony was firm as he stood for the Prophet and for God. Justin R. Bray’s article “Within the Walls of Liberty Jail” focuses on what we gain from Baldwin’s perspective.

"My son, peace be unto thy soul; thine adversity and thine afflictions shall be but a small moment." D&C 121:7

During the hearing for these brethren accused of treason, the judge “singled out Baldwin and offered him his freedom if he would renounce his religion and forsake the Prophet Joseph—an offer Baldwin rejected.” But four months in Liberty Jail, described by the prisoners as “hell surrounded with demons,” stretched even this valiant Saint to the breaking point.

The cold stone floor had scarcely any straw to soften the prisoners’ sleep. The food was so filthy that they would get sick, vomiting “almost to death” if they ate it. The prisoners rarely saw sunlight through the tiny window. Baldwin was not allowed contact with any of his ten children during the long imprisonment and had only a brief visit from his wife. This separation left Baldwin to worry about his family as the Saints were persecuted, killed, and driven from their homes that winter.

During these dark times, the prisoners surely had the same question that the Prophet Joseph finally voiced in a letter to the Church: “O God, where art thou? And where is the pavilion that covereth thy hiding place?

“Joseph’s heavenly plea was not immediately answered,” writes Bray, but the revelation that finally came gave hope to “stand still, with the utmost assurance, to see the salvation of God, and for his arm to be revealed.” (See D&C 123:17)

Learn more about Caleb Baldwin and his experience in Liberty Jail in Justin R. Bray’s article, “Within the Walls of Liberty Jail.”

Source: history.lds.org
—Carissa Burton, Mormon Insights

Find more insights

Watch or read “Where Is the Pavilion?” by President Henry B. Eyring

See a digital scan of Joseph Smith’s original letter from Liberty Jail, which provided the text for the following sections in the Doctrine and Covenants:

See photos of the restored Liberty Jail.

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  1. I have never heard of Caleb Baldwin before. This article is fascinating. There were so many people who were willing to stand up for Joseph Smith and the Gospel. It’s comforting to know that Joseph Smith wasn’t alone through this hard trial.

  2. Caleb Baldwin is my great great grandfather, and I am very proud of the many and great sacrifices that he made of himself and his family to bring forth the truth of the gospel of Jesus Christ. He has more than earned his eternal rewards and blessing.

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